湖北省天门市2020-2021学年高一上学期期末考试英语Word版含答案

 时间:2021-04-22  贡献者:jingtop.com

导读:湖北省天门市20202021学年高一英语语文政治上学期期末考试试题及答案,2020-2021 学年度秋季学期高一期末联考 英语试卷本试题卷共 10 页。全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 ★祝考试顺利★2021.1注重事项:1.答题前,先将自个儿的姓名、准考证号填写

湖北省天门市20202021学年高一英语语文政治上学期期末考试试题及答案
湖北省天门市20202021学年高一英语语文政治上学期期末考试试题及答案

2020-2021 学年度秋季学期高一期末联考 英语试卷本试题卷共 10 页。

全卷满分 150 分。

考试用时 120 分钟。

★祝考试顺利★2021.1注重事项:1.答题前,先将自个儿的姓名、准考证号填写在试卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答 题卡上的指定位置。

2.挑选题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。

写在 试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

3.非挑选题的作答:用黑色签字笔直截了当答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。

写在试卷、草稿纸和 答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

4.考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时刻将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。

从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。

听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时刻往返答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。

每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What day is it today?A. Wednesday.B. Thursday.C. Friday.2. What does the woman most probably want to do?A. Have a walk.B. Buy new clothes.C. Buy some flowers.3. Why did the man go to Beijing?A. To visit his parents.B. To receive job training.C. To have an interview.4. How does the woman probably feel now?A. Angry.B. Interested.C. Frightened.5. What is the climate of autumn in Beijing like?A. It doesn't rain at all.B. It rains a lot.C. It seldom rains.-1-

第二节(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)听下面 5 段对话或独白。

每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。

听每段对话或独白前,你将有时刻阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时刻。

每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。

6. What time is it now?A. 11 :00 am.B. 11:30 am.C. 12:00 noon.7. Where does the conversation take place?A. On a train.B. At a train station.C. At a restaurant.听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。

8. What kind of music does the man like best?A. Jazz.B. Rock music.C. Classical music.9. Who can play the violin?A. Kate.B. David.C. Hazel.听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. When will Halloween begin?A. Tomorrow.B. This week.C. Next week.11. Where is the woman from?A. The UK.B. America.C. Russia.12. What will the woman do?A. Buy some candy.B. Attend a party.C. Visit her friends.听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。

13. Where does the conversation probably take place?A. At a supermarket.B. At a restaurant.C. At the police station.14. What happened to the man?A. He lost his wallet.B. He lost his way.C. He canceled his credit card.15. What do we know about the man?A. He had lunch at home.B. His friend paid for the supper.C. He often takes out wallet when sitting down.-2-

16. What will the man do first?A. Call the police. B. Quarrel with the woman. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

C. Check whether the wallet is at home.17. What did the speaker want to be when he was in middle school?A. A teacher.B. A pilot.C. A tour guide.18. Why did the speaker give up studying physics?A. He had to work to support himself.B. He lost interested in physics.C. His eyesight was too poor.19. Where did the speaker work for a travel agency?A. In South America.B. In the US.C. In Spain.20. When did the speaker start to teach English?A. After having a baby.B. Right after leaving the university.C. Before getting married. 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 37.5 分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

AMost people are happy to receive gifts just because of their social customs, but in fact they don'tlike them. As the New Year approaches, we may be eager to see the joy on the faces of those whoreceive gifts. How to prepare a thoughtful gift? Here are some recommended brands for you. Patek Pillippe, a Swiss watch manufacturer(制造商)founded in 1839, located in Geneva and theVallée de Joux. A Patek watch isn't a device for telling time. It can transfer values across generations.It is intended to express the attitude of modern men towards parenthood. The real spirit of this brandis closeness, emotion and togetherness. Those are what you want enjoy and pass on from generationto generation.Cognac. Cognac is a type of brandy made from distilled white wine. In fact, the word "brandy"comes from a Dutch word which means burnt wine. The origin of Cognac dates back to the 16th-3-

century when Dutch sellers came to a French region to buy salt, wood, and wine. And soon thisbrandy is named after its birthplace, a little town in southwest of France. Cognac is the mostcomplex wine to make and it takes the longest time to produce-centuries, in some cases.Frifuli is both the group name and the brand name. Founded in 1982 in Athens, Greece, Frifulidesigns and manufactures jewelry. Today it has more than 390 stores in 25 countries around theworld. At the beginning, Frifuli was to design and manufacture jewelry. With the addition of thewatch series in 1994 and the accessories(饰品)series in 1998, Frifuli has gradually become a fashionbrand covering the three fields of jewelry, watches and accessories.21. What do Patek Pillippe and Frif uli have in common?A. Both have a long history.B. Both are the names of the manufacturer and the brand.C. Both do one same business.D. Both do business in several fields.22. Which statement is true according to the text?A. Most people receive gifts because they really like it.B. Petek Pillippe is a brand to show parents' love.C. Cognac costs a long time to produce.D. Frifuli only concentrates on manufacturing jewelry.23. Where does Cognac come from?A. Swiss.B. Greece.C. Holland.D. France.BSix weeks before his birthday, Giuseppe Paternò achieved the dream of a lifetime: He got auniversity degree.Mr. Paternò's graduation has inspired news coverage around the world, partly because of hisage. But he has mainly drawn attention because his life story speaks of commitment, a theme thathas encouraged as millions of schoolchildren in Italy and elsewhere faces extraordinary uncertaintyduring the coronavirus pandemic.Born in Palermo in 1923, the first of seven children in a "very poor family," Mr. Paternòbeganworking soon after finishing elementary school. "The family was large, there was only one paycheck,we were under fascism, and times were tough," he said.Eventually, he ended up at a publishing house where an enlightened boss persuaded his father tosend him hack to school for a three-year vocational degree. Mr. Paternò then worked for an-4-

insurance agency while he took private classes to become a telegraph operator. He used skills fromthe operator job when he was drafted into the navy in World War II. The job also opened doors to theState Railways Company, where he worked for more than four decades.It was only after he retired, in the mid-1980s, that he returned to his hooks, taking theologycourses through the Archdiocese of Palermo after a chance meeting with a philosophy professor whourged him to follow his love.Mr. Paternò's son, Ninni Paternò, said that the family had not expected all the attention. "It'sunbelievable!" the younger Paternòsaid of his father. "He achieved his goal, but he didn't mean to befamous in newspapers around the world."University officials are hoping that Mr. Paternòwill continue his studies on waster's course. Buthe isn't so sure. "I have to admit that in this moment, I don't know whether I would do it with thesame spirit," he said on Wednesday. Still, Mr. Paternòsaid he would probably continue anyway.24. What's the main reason for the world to report Mr. Paternò's graduation?A. His experience shows the spirit of commitment.B. Mr. Paternòachieved his dream at an old age.C. His graduation ceremony was during the coronavirus pandemic.D. His achievement is extraordinary.25. What does the underline word "this job" in paragraph 4 refer to?A. Working for an insurance company. B. Serving in the navy in World War II.C. A telegraph operator.D. The job in the State Railway Company.26. What can we learn about Mr. Paternò's son's words?A.The family had not agreed Mr. Paternò's decision.B. Mr. Paternòdidn't want to gain the world's attention.C. Mr. Paternòsuffered a lot to achieve his goal.D. Mr. Paterno's achievement is not worth mentioning.27. What can we learn from the passage?A. It's never too late to achieve a dream. B. No pains, no gains.C. Young at heart.D. Practice makes perfect.CWe recognize our friends' faces. And we're not alone. Many social animals can identify-5-

individuals of their own species by features of their faces. That's important, because they need to beable to change their behavior depending on who they meet. And a recent research has shown thatsome species of monkeys, birds, and domesticated(家养的)animals can even tell different faces apartby looking at photographs alone.Ethologist Léa Lansade of the French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food andEnvironment did an experiment to find out how well horses can recognize individual people inphotographs.She and her team first taught the horses how to "choose" between two side-by-side pictures bytouching their noses to a computer screen. The horses were then shown photos of their presentkeeper alongside faces of unfamiliar humans. They had never seen photos of any of the peoplebefore. The horses correctly identified their current keeper and ignored(忽视)the stranger's faceabout 75% of the time. In fact, even though the horses didn't get it right every single time, they wereat least as correct in picking out their earlier keeper as they were at identifying their present one.The results suggest that not only can horses differentiate between familiar and unfamiliarhuman faces, they also naturally understand that photographs are two-dimensionalrepresentations(二维呈现)of real life, without any other intimations such as smell or sound. Andthey're even better at this than our oldest animal parter, the domestic clog.In addition, horses seem to have a strong long-term memory for human faces, like their longlifespan and history of domestication. In future experiments, the researchers would like to testwhether looking at photos of people that they have had bad experiences with in the past might causehorses to act anxious or even avoidance. So maybe think twice before doing anything that might givea horse a long face.28. Why did researchers show the horses both the keeper's photos and the strangers'?A. To find out what horses would do in the experiment.B. To see why horses could recognize the keeper in the pictures.C. To test whether horses could recognize the strangers in pictures.D. To study to what degree horses can make out different people in pictures.29. What does the underlined word "intimations" in paragraph 4 refer to?A. cluesB. differencesC. photographsD. senses30. What are researchers still uncertain about?-6-

A. Whether horses can live longer than other animals.B. Whether horses can remember human's faces for a long time.C. Whether horses can show their emotions at the sight of photos.D. Whether horses are better at recognizing photos than other animals.31. What is the purpose of the text?A. To talk about animals' species.B. To explain animals' facial features.C. To show animals' behaviour for adaptation. D. To introduce animals' ability to identify faces.DThrowing away unwanted food has become a big issue in the developed world. While some ofus do this, people in other parts of world are short of food. It's a shocking fact that a third of theworld's food is wasted each year and that the actual figure is 1.3 billion tons of food, which isenough to feed a billion hungry people.You may think supermarkets are the main contributors to this mountain of food. After all, theydo threw away food that's past its sell-by-date and they often refuse to sell vegetables or fruit that arethe wrong shape or look damaged. They've also been criticized(批判)for encouraging customers tobuy more than they need through promotions(促销)such as "buy one get one free".But the biggest responsible person for creating food waste is us. In Europe an incredible 53% offood waste comes from familes, which results in 88 million tons of food waste a year. So instead offilling our stomachs, our food is filling up landfill sites. Unfortunately this causes greenhouse gaseswhich finally leads to global warming and climate change.In Denmark, a woman called Selina Juul has been working hard to stop this problem. Shemoved from Russia many years ago and was amazed to see so much food in the supermarkets. But toher surprise, she found that people were buying more than they needed and throwing too much away.She persuaded some supermarkets to stop selling their items in large amount so that peoplebought only what they needed. She produced a leftovers(剩菜)cookbook and she's now set up aneducation programme in schools. This has helped reduce by 25%in food waste, which shows thatsomething can he done.Clearly, we need to think twice when we put something ire our shopping cart, and when we're athome we should make the most of the food we have-using recipes that use up our leftovers or evensharing them with our friends and neighbours.-7-

32. What's the purpose of the first paragraph?A. To lead in the topic that will be discussed.B. To get the answer to how much food you buy each week.C. To show people are fond of going shopping which waste much food.D. To make a good relation with the readers.33. When facing many people going hungry, the author feels shocked because.A. there is no enough food for the whole world.B. a large amount of food is wasted in the world.C. supermarkets encourage customers to buy more than they need.D. greenhouse gases lead to global warming and climate change.34. Selina Juul is a woman.A. who cares about the environment very muchB. who talked some supermarkets into stopping selling their items to peopleC. who set up a school to educate people not to waste foodD. who tried to share her good experience from dealing with leftovers35. What can be the title of the text?A. Making good use of leftovers.B. Save the food, stop the hunger.C. Don't buy too much food in the supermarkets.D. We need to think twice when we go shopping. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)依照短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。

选项中有两项为多余选项。

When applying for American universities, many students believe that public universities are more formal than private ones. Famous American Ivy League(常春藤)colleges, however, are allprivate, while other top institutions are public. 3637This is one of their biggest differences. Public universities are funded by the state through taxation while private universities are funded by donations. Tuition fees(学费)of private universitiesare usually much higher in comparison.-8-

Different student pools To ensure the education of students in the state, public universities mainly include local people who enjoy discounted tuition fees for studying in their home state. 38 This is partly because many local students cannot afford high tuition fees. Different school scales(规模)39 They will also have larger class size. But private colleges are not as large and have smaller class sizes to show its strength.School establishment history Private universities enjoy a longer history than public ones. 40 But it wasn't until the mid-19th century that some first-class public universities appeared, such as the University of California, Berkeley. Students need to consider completely which one is suitable for them in various aspects, such as teaching quality and social activities. A. Different sources of funding B. Different amount of tuition fees C. But which one is better between the private ones and public ones? D. So what are the differences between these two types of universities? E. Most public universities have bigger campuses and larger student bodies. F. Private universities, however, have a higher percentage of international students. G. Princeton University, one of the oldest Ivy League schools, for example, was founded in 1746. 第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出能够填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Once upon a time, a very strong woodcutter 41 job in a wood merchant and he got it. The pay was really good and so was the 42 condition. For those reasons the woodcutter was 43 to do his best. His boss gave him an axe and showed him the area where he was supposed to work. The first day the woodcutter brought 18 trees, which he all had 44 himself. "Congratulations!" the boss said, "Go on that way!" Deeply 45 by the boss's words, the woodcutter tried harder the next day, but he could only bring 15 trees. The third day he tried even 46 , but he could-9-

only bring 10 trees. Day after (lay he was bringing less and less trees. "I must he losing my47 ," the woodcutter thought. He went to the boss and said 48 , adding that he could notunderstand what was going on."When was the last time you 49 your axe?" the boss asked. "I had no time to do that, because I have been very busy trying to cut trees…." answered the woodcutter.Our 50 are like that. We sometimes get so busy that we don't 51 time to sharpen the"axe" in life. It seems that everyone is busier than ever, but less 52 than ever. Why is that?Could it he that we have forgotten how to 53 "sharp"?There's nothing wrong with activity and hard work. But we all need to spare some time to relax,to think and meditate, to learn and 54 . If we don't take the time to sharpen the "axe", we willbecome dull and lose our 55 .41. A. calledB. paidC. huntedD. waited42. A. healthB. workC. natureD. environment43. A. determinedB. attractedC. adaptedD. supposed44. A. put awayB. cut downC. brought backD. cut up45. A. surprisedB. frightenedC. inspiredD. puzzled46. A. strongerB. fasterC. clevererD. harder47. A. heartB. strengthC. wayD. function48. A. thanksB. goodbyeC. sorryD. nothing49. A. repairedB. sharpenedC. cleanedD. used50. A. livesB. dreamsC. hobbiesD. jobs51. A. wasteB. takeC. makeD. kill52. A. positiveB. anxiousC. activeD. happy53. A. lookB. feelC. stayD. turn54. A. growB. performC. competeD. apply55. A. interestB. activenessC. attractivenessD. effectiveness第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

In the past 40 years, the power of China 56 (see)by the world. Under the leadership of theCommunist Party of China, our country has become one of the strongest countries of the world from- 10 -

an 57 (extreme)poor one, including economy, military and science and technology. With a rapid development of our country, some western countries especially the USA are not 58 (will)to see a powerful China, so they make troubles for China in all aspects in the international society. 59 our country is not what she used to he now, we will never give in to any stress.Our country showed its advantage of socialism system again in 2020, 60 the COVID-19 broke out quickly in the world. Unfortunately, many western countries were wondering 61 to do at that time while people from all 62 (walk)of life in China worked together to take action. So we could get the epidemic 63 (control)quickly and began to recover our economy. During this period, many heroes like Zhong Nanshan and Li Lanjuan, 64 didn't think about their personal safety, became "the most beautiful reverse-walkers". We are proud of them, 65 we also take pride in our country. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 应用文(满分 15 分)假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Peter 对中国饮食文化非凡感爱好,并将在春节期间来湖北游 玩,请你写一封邮件给他。

邮件内容如下: 1.简单介绍春节饮食习俗; 2.推举一道你家乡的特色菜; 注重: 1.词数 80 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Peter,Wish you have a good time here. Yours sincerely, Li Hua第二节 读后续写(满分 25 分) 阅读下面材料,依照其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

续写的词数应为 150 左右。

As a sixth grader, I found it hard to fit in and make friends. Our teacher had assigned(分派, 布置) "secret friends" for the coming week. She wrote each- 11 -

kid's name on a piece of paper and threw them into a glass; then we each closed our eyes and picked out one. By the middle of the week, everyone had turned this assignment into a competition to see whose secret friend could leave the best gift. It seemed that everyone was getting cool presents from their friend except me.On the last morning of our assignment, I walked into my classroom and noticed a package with a box of powder(胭脂粉). The girls sitting near me laughed at the gift I had received. What's worse, the powder had already been opened.I tried to forget about the embarrassing gift, but when I was in the bathroom during the break, the girls started speaking ill of my secret friend of giving it to me. I quickly joined in. "How terrible," I heard myself saying "What could my friend be thinking by giving me such a stupid gift? My grandmother wouldn't even want it.”The girls laughed at my remarks(评论)and rushed out of the bathroom. I stayed to wash my hands and let water run through my fingers as I thought about what I had just said. It wasn't normal like me to say mean(刻薄的)things like that about someone. Paragraph I:Then I saw my classmate Janet come out of a bathroom booth(厕所隔间), tears streaming down her face.Paragraph 2: Along with my apologies, I explained the reason.- 12 -

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